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Bockscar

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Dayton, Ohio – On December 7, 1941, Naval Station Pearl Harbor in Hawaii was attacked by Imperial Japanese Navy airplanes and midget submarines, causing the American entry into World War II. “Bockscar” is the name of the United States Army Air Forces B-29 bomber that dropped a Fat Man nuclear weapon over the Japanese city of Nagasaki during World War II in the second – and last – nuclear attack in history.

Bockscar was built at the Glenn L. Martin Aircraft Plant at Bellevue, Nebraska, at what is now Offutt Air Force Base. It was assigned to the 393d Bombardment Squadron, 509th Composite Group to Wendover Army Air Field, Utah in April 1945.

Bockscar was used in 13 training and practice missions from Tinian, and three combat missions in which it dropped pumpkin bombs on industrial targets in Japan.
On August 9th, 1945, Bockscar, piloted by the 393d Bombardment Squadron’s commander, Major Charles W. Sweeney, dropped a Fat Man nuclear bomb with a blast yield equivalent to 21 kilotons of TNT over the city of Nagasaki. About 44{71541671adf1eb71ae5bfa18cf28c056aa7d99daa025919c4b302369779291ab} of the city was destroyed; 35,000 people were killed and 60,000 injured.

On August 15, six days after the bombing of Nagasaki and the Soviet Union’s declaration of war, Japan announced its surrender to the Allies. On September 2, it signed the instrument of surrender, effectively ending World War II.

The Bockscar is dubbed “the plane that ended WWII”.

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